Food Security Programme
A total of 842 million people in 2011–13, or around one in eight people in the world, were estimated to be suffering from chronic hunger, regularly not getting enough food to conduct an active life. The total number of undernourished has fallen by 17 percent since 1990–92. Despite overall progress, marked differences across regions persist. Sub-Saharan Africa remains the region with the highest prevalence of undernourishment, with modest progress in recent years.
READI's food security programs breathe life into weak and besieged communities. The organization offers solutions-such as teaching skills to increase food production, marketing techniques, land rehabilitation, and education on how to meet the nutritional needs of adults and children-provide food for life. READI’s food security programs focus on long-term solutions to end hunger permanently in Ghana. The programs include training farmers in new techniques or providing resources such as seeds and tools to increase crop production.
READI endeavors to reduce starvation and hunger by addressing immediate food needs of the target population as well as working on long-term solutions to food security. READI does this by first assessing the food needs of the target population and the various factors that contribute to food insecurity. This process includes an analysis of the availability of national food resources to the population, access of food to the target population, and utilization. It then develops an integrated program to solve the problem and to prevent it from rising again. This approach combines agricultural programs with health, nutrition and sanitation interventions.
The primary objectives of READI’s Food Security programs are to:
- Increase food availability and food access through improved farming systems, invigorated entrepreneurship, and strengthened market systems.
- Improve food utilization through food distribution and better care practices, such as improved food processing, preservation and storage.
Africa is one of the most vulnerable regions in the world to climate change. The Third Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) established how human activity (burning fossil fuels and changes in land-use) is modifying the global climate, with temperature rises projected for the next 100 years that could affect human welfare and the environment
. Climate change has impact on: Biodiversity loss: Biodiversity is an important resource for African people. They are used as Uses are consumptive (food, fiber, fuel, shelter, medicine, wildlife trade) and nonconsumptive (ecosystem services and the economically important tourism industry). Given the heavy dependence on natural resources in Africa, many communities are vulnerable to the biodiversity loss that could result from climate change. The impact of climate change on humans will also be compounded by climate change-induced alterations of agriculture, water supply and disease.
Agriculture: Most of Africa relies on rain-fed agriculture. As a result, it is highly vulnerable to changes in climate variability, seasonal shifts, and precipitation patterns. Any amount of warming will result in increased water stress. Roughly 70 percent of the population lives by farming, and 40 percent of all exports are agricultural products. Crop production and livestock husbandry account for about half of household income. The poorest members of society are those who are most dependent on agriculture for jobs and income.
Disease: Climate change has critical health implications. Changes in rainfall will affect the presence and absence of vector- and water-borne pathogens. For example, it can be expected that small changes in temperature and precipitation will boost the population of disease-carrying mosquitoes and result in increased malaria epidemic. Increased flooding could facilitate the breeding of these malaria carriers in formerly arid areas. These problems will be worsened by the inability of many communities to cope with increased disease. The issue of climate change has become a global threat with worrying consequences for developing countries. The impact and consequence of climate change is yet to be widely acknowledged as countries continue to strengthen their policy advocacy work on climate change issues
- The primary objectives of READI’s Climate Change programs are to:
- To enhance awareness on the impact of climate change
- To promote women’s active participation in all decision- making processes on climate change at all levels
- To monitor government’s compliance in the implementation of climate change conventions to ensure that the strategies meet the specific needs.
- To produce relevant research, publication and information on climate change in Ghana as a basis for policy advocacy, learning and information sharing.
- The ideas generated from the impact of climate change work will continue to be shared with a broad range of actors to ensure greater commitment and action on the issue being addressed in the sub-region. Through:
- Sensitization programmes on impact of climate change
- Engaging with natural policies on Climate change
- Effective contribution of critical issues in climate change at the global, continental and natural policy making.
- Production of relevant documents on impact of climate change